Bed and Breakfast Acquacotta B&B Castiglione della Pescaia, Maremma, Tuscany Sea, B&B Holidays Tuscany Coast, Grosseto

Touristic Routes

CASTIGLIONE DELLA PESCAIA: In Estruscan times, a large salt lake, Lago Prelius, joined the sea where Castiglione della Pescaia is today. Where the modern city lies was once a port, Salebrum, which became a point of rest and refreshment on Aurelia street. In the same period, another Roman settlement arose on Isola Clodia (Clodia Island).

There was a partial rebirth of the area under the Medici government. In 1765, under control of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, Pietro Leopoldo I, reclamation efforts were initiated in marshy areas, directed by Leonardo Ximenes, Jesuit, astronomer and plumber.

They had a canal built on which a building was constructed, la Casa Rossa (The Red House), with gates to control the water flow. Further reclamation works took place from 1828-1838.

Construction of the triple-arched Giorgini bridge came to an end 1827.  Over the Castiglione River, its gates opened towards the sea.

You can take a very beautiful historic walk in the enclosed city; thanks to its position, there are stupendous coastal panoramas to be admired from its walls. Towards the North, you can see Le Rochette and Elba Island. Towards the South, the view sweeps towards the Diaccia Botrona marshes and Uccellina Mountains, Maremma National Park, l'Argentario, and Giglio Island.

On clear days, Montecristo Island, and sometimes even Corsica, are visible from the coast.


 

DIACCIA BOTRONA: Diaccia Botrona natural reserve extends over 1,000 acres of territory and is considered the most important wetland in Italy. It encompasses the remaining patch of Prile Lake, which became a marsh but was later redeveloped.

Diaccia Botrona has a rare ecosystem, home to an incredible variety of living things, both plants and animals. The regional birds are the most interesting component of the reserve. There are, in fact, almost 200 noted species that alternate throughout the year, 80 of which nest inside.

Among the most important are the Western Marsh-Harrier, Northern Harrier, White Heron, Osprey, Red Kite, European Honey Buzzard, Slender-billed Curlew, Little Egret, Squacco Heron, Black-tailed Godwit, the Red Heron, Eurasian Bittern, European Roller, and Great Spotted Cuckoo.

LE ROCCHETTE:
Rocchette Beach is situated on the Meridian slopes of the Punta Ala headlands, where the center of the fraction rises. It's reachable on foot, along a path ending on the rocky coast.  The shoreline is some hundreds of meters long and hemmed by savage, dark red, rocky cliffs.  Crystalline and transparent, with a sandy, sloping seabed, it's the best sea in the Castiglione della Pescaia municipality. From 2005 to present, it has received the 5-sails classification (the highest) by the Legambiente environmental NGO.  

VETULONIA:
Situated 300 meters above sea level on a hill west of Butiano, Vetulonia has a population of around 270 inhabitants. The village is home to the famous Arce wall, proclaimed cyclopic, probably constructed in 5-6th century A.C. and proof that an important urban center existed. Many coins found in the area (mostly of copper) are a testament to its autonomy and economic power. The new museum, dedicated to Isidoro Falchi, discoverer of many ancient Estruscan remains in Vetulonia, exhibits the artifacts found in Etruscan tombs and city excavations. The objects, dating from 1st-10th century A.C., demonstrate the leading role Vetulonia played in contemporary Etruscan cities.

Santi Simone e Giuda Church was built in Roman style in medieval times, and altered in the following centuries. Santa Maria delle Grazie Oratory was constructed during the Middle Ages and houses a 13th century fresco.

The remains of Sestinga Vecchia Abbey sit atop the Badia Vecchia bluffs. It was built in Medieval times in an area where the bishop of Lucca had numerous properties until the high Middle Ages. They were abandoned around a century and a half later, when the abbey was rebuilt on the convent hilltop. Most of the visible primitive, religious complex ruins have been incorporated into a rural building.

Close by, in the town of Case di Vetulonia, lies Casallia Castle, a complex of medieval origins originally used as a convent. And to note lastly is Scala Santa Chapel, located near Vetulonia.

PUNTA ALA: A renowned seaside resort situated on the slopes of a headland of the same name. The promontory is characterized by typical Mediterranean vegetation, and, thanks to its jagged, rocky coastline, is full of marvelous, crystalline creeks and streams.
 
Today, Punta Ala is a sought-after tourist destination and an oasis of fascinating peace. It's rich in structures outfitted with every comfort, prestigious restaurants, a well-equipped tourist port, a golf course, as well as the possibility to horseback ride, scuba dive, and attend characteristic sailing races.

Punta Ala is not only full of natural beauty, but also 16th century artistic wonders, such as the Hidalgo Tower and Punta Ala Castle fortifications. It's necessary to underline the importance of the area for fine wines, typical Tuscan cuisine, and notoriously, extremely fresh fish.

A characteristic village of the Maremma Grosseto region, it's unique in nature. Being completely built on volcanic rock, it's one of the most interesting places in the area.

CALA VIOLINA: The small is situated between two headlands, characterized by extremely fine white sand and transparent sea.

Its unique feature is the sound the beach makes when walked across, in the absence of other loud noises. This effect is observable in low season, seeing huge crowds during weekends and summer. This shouldn’t discourage the most curious; considering the area is well-situated and protected from the cold, northern winds, one can pass hours under the sun, even in the winter.

It is not reachable by private motor vehicles. In summer months, there is a ferry service.

PITIGLIANO: The town is perched atop a plateau formed by the running waters of Lente, Meleta and Prochio, and has, without a doubt, one of the most artistic and beautiful centers in Tuscany and Italy as a whole. The small city is home to various monuments of artistic interest, spanning from medieval times to the 18th century. The historic center is characterized, above all, by its 16th century synagogue. The interior walls feature 'Aron in back and Teva' in the center, in addition to conserved inscriptions of biblical verses. The Matroneo (a gallery once reserved for women) lies above. Under the Hebraic temple rests the Bagno Rituale (Ritual Bath), the picturesque Forno delle Azzime (unleavened bakery), la Macelleria kasher (the kosher butcher), la Cantina kasher (the kosher cafeteria) e la Tintoria (dye shop). Saint Peter and Paul Cathedral was built in the middle ages, restored in the 16th century and profoundly modified in those following. The late-baroque facade sits to the right of the bell tower. The lower part has been plastered, above which the original look, in volcanic ash, has been preserved since medieval times.

 
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